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Botswana




Country Office Overview Activities Partners Media Center
 
Botswana is landlocked and is located at the centre of Southern Africa, a strategically positioned bridge between South Africa, Namibia, Angola, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. It used to be one of the world’s poorest countries at independence in 1966. Post independence , it rapidly became one of the world’s development success stories. It is one of Africa's most stable countries and the continent's longest continuous multi-party democracy. It is relatively free of corruption and has a good human rights record.

Sparsely populated, Botswana protects some of Africa's largest areas of wilderness. Safari-based tourism - tightly-controlled and often upmarket - is an important source of income.

Botswana is among the world top producers of diamonds and the trade has transformed it into a middle-income nation.

The country has had its share of problems: It once had the world's highest rate of HIV-Aids infection. UN figures for 2014 suggest that for adults aged 15 to 49 the prevalence rate was 25%. The country has one of Africa's most-advanced HIV and AIDS treatment programmes, however, and medicine for the virus is readily available.

The Republic of Botswana
Capital Gaborone
Population 2 million
Area 581,730 sq km (224,607 sq miles)
Major languages English (official), Setswana
Major religions Christianity, indigenous beliefs
Life expectancy 54 years (men), 51 years (women)
Currency Pula


Age structure 0-14 years: 31.95% (male 357,003/female 350,657)
15-24 years: 18.91% (male 207,209/female 211,629)
25-54 years: 38.45% (male 401,082/female 450,437)
55-64 years: 5.46% (male 51,195/female 69,835)
65 years and over: 5.23% (male 50,206/female 65,605) (2017 est.)


Dependency ratios total dependency ratio: 55.1
youth dependency ratio: 49.3
elderly dependency ratio: 5.8
potential support ratio: 17.3 (2015 est.)
Issues affecting children

In Botswana Children face several challenges such as malnutrition, sexual and other forms of abuse, poverty, orphanhood, abduction and trafficking, and HIV and AIDS. These challenges not only have affected children's lifestyles but have also constituted a challenge to service providers, especially social work practitioners.

Issues affecting Youth in Botswana
  1. Drug and alcohol abuse
  2. Materialism
  3. Growing up too fast
  4. Violence
  5. Single parent homes
  6. Education disparity
  7. Unemployment
  8. Poverty
  9. Erosion of national pride

Policy and frameworks supporting children
  1. Children’s act 2009
  2. Child Protection Regulations 2015
  3. Development Plan
  4. Early Childhood Care and Education Policy, 2001
  5. National Policy on HIV/AIDS, 1993
  6. National Strategic Framework for HIV and AIDS, 2010-2016
  7. Youth Policy, 1996
  8. National Policy on Culture, 2001
  9. National Health Policy, 2011
 

Botswana has been held 2 successful National PSS forum funded through government and PCI. The country has prioritised PSS and there is a nation budget for it. Every district is allocated 10% of the total budget they receive from government for PSS


Certificate Program- REPSSI has a partnership with Botswana Open University to deliver the certificate programme (Community Based Work with Children and Youth) The certificate is accredited with Botswana Quality Assurance (BQA), The private sector (Stanbic Botswana) as well as government has funded the programme with a combined total of BWP 420 000. The students who benefited have been struggling to pay fees and not employed but working with children


Capacity building: Through capacity building using the REPSSI tools, Tree of Life and JOL have become very popular with the tools. Most organisations including schools and government are now using the tools for their capacity building


For two consecutive years, REPSSI has been invited to provide capacity building in PSS using JOL and Tree of Life. This has been part of resource mobilisation


REPSSI@15: Was well attended by many partners, the old and new. A lot of beneficiaries of the PSS program with SAPSSI shared their stories of success. Some have formed their own organisations and they are doing very well

 
Television Coverage

REPSSI activities and partners have been covered by the public and private media. The National broadcaster has covered the two National PSS forum held in 2014 and 2017. In 2017 ETV covered the PSS forum for children
In-country HR capacity
Regional Programmes Coordinator 1
Country Representative 1
 
Registration
Registered as external company EX2012/7769
 
Governance
Country Advisory Board members 4