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Country Office Overview Activities Partners Media Center
Botswana is landlocked and is located at the centre of Southern Africa, a strategically positioned bridge between South Africa, Namibia, Angola, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. It used to be one of the world’s poorest countries at independence in 1966. Post independence , it rapidly became one of the world’s development success stories. It is one of Africa's most stable countries and the continent's longest continuous multi-party democracy. It is relatively free of corruption and has a good human rights record.

Sparsely populated, Botswana protects some of Africa's largest areas of wilderness. Safari-based tourism - tightly-controlled and often upmarket - is an important source of income.

Botswana is among the world top producers of diamonds and the trade has transformed it into a middle-income nation.

The country has had its share of problems: It once had the world's highest rate of HIV-Aids infection. UN figures for 2014 suggest that for adults aged 15 to 49 the prevalence rate was 25%. The country has one of Africa's most-advanced HIV and AIDS treatment programmes, however, and medicine for the virus is readily available.

The Republic of Botswana
Capital Gaborone
Population 2 million
Area 581,730 sq km (224,607 sq miles)
Major languages English (official), Setswana
Major religions Christianity, indigenous beliefs
Life expectancy 54 years (men), 51 years (women)
Currency Pula

Age structure 0-14 years: 31.95% (male 357,003/female 350,657)
15-24 years: 18.91% (male 207,209/female 211,629)
25-54 years: 38.45% (male 401,082/female 450,437)
55-64 years: 5.46% (male 51,195/female 69,835)
65 years and over: 5.23% (male 50,206/female 65,605) (2017 est.)

Dependency ratios total dependency ratio: 55.1
youth dependency ratio: 49.3
elderly dependency ratio: 5.8
potential support ratio: 17.3 (2015 est.)
Issues affecting children

In Botswana Children face several challenges such as malnutrition, sexual and other forms of abuse, poverty, orphanhood, abduction and trafficking, and HIV and AIDS. These challenges not only have affected children's lifestyles but have also constituted a challenge to service providers, especially social work practitioners.

Issues affecting Youth in Botswana
  1. Drug and alcohol abuse
  2. Materialism
  3. Growing up too fast
  4. Violence
  5. Single parent homes
  6. Education disparity
  7. Unemployment
  8. Poverty
  9. Erosion of national pride

Policy and frameworks supporting children
  1. Children’s act 2009
  2. Child Protection Regulations 2015
  3. Development Plan
  4. Early Childhood Care and Education Policy, 2001
  5. National Policy on HIV/AIDS, 1993
  6. National Strategic Framework for HIV and AIDS, 2010-2016
  7. Youth Policy, 1996
  8. National Policy on Culture, 2001
  9. National Health Policy, 2011
In-country HR capacity
Regional Programmes Coordinator 1
Country Representative 1
Registered as external company EX2012/7769
Country Advisory Board members 4